The level of CNC machine tools, variety and production capacity, directly reflects the overall strength of a country's industry. China's first CNC machine tool was born in 1958, slightly lagging behind the United States and Germany. However, with the same year in Japan, CNC machine tools in China lagged far behind those in Germany, the United States, Japan and other countries. The basic machine to low-end economy and mid-range popular CNC machine tools, CNC machine tool market share of 70% to 80%, CNC system (universal, advanced) 90% occupied by foreign investors.
In recent years, with the substantial growth in the demand for major equipment manufacturing industries such as defense, aviation, high-speed rail, automobiles and molds, the number of CNC machine tools in our country has also made rapid development. The technology of CNC machine tools is becoming more and more sophisticated, complex, Has made remarkable progress and a series of breakthroughs. However, there is still a long way to go in terms of accuracy and reliability with foreign CNC machines.
CNC machine tools steady development
At present, CNC machine tools products, low-end products in China have a certain strength of enterprises, but high-end CNC machine tools are still short board, and high-end CNC machine tools are aerospace, automotive, marine and power generation equipment manufacturing these four major areas of necessity, industry Upgrade essential. Although the state implemented "high-end CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing equipment," science and technology major projects, and plans to 2020 four areas required for high-end CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing equipment based on 80% of domestic, but only two machine large efficient CNC full Automated Stamping Production Line One project successfully commercialized, key components and high-end CNC systems still need to continue their efforts.
In 2014, the state will continue to steady growth, adjust the structure, in this environment, CNC machine tool industry must adjust the existing industrial structure, based on the existing mid-end results of high-end force, on the one hand need to face foreign products and joint ventures Squeeze the competitive pressure on the domestic mid-market, on the other hand, it is necessary to step up research and development and squeeze into the high-end market to get rid of the harsh conditions imposed by others.
In research and development, the implementation of innovative development strategy based on the existing special support of the state, with the theme of "enterprise" and innovation as the driving force. Since the machine tool is an industry with large investment and slow response, it will not be able to achieve long-term development due to its own efforts. Several enterprises participated in R & D of common technologies, at the same time, they brought in research institutes to participate in and carry out public-private partnerships (PPPs) to promote R & D. At the national level, it is necessary to increase basic research investment and R & D personnel training.
In 2014, CNC machine tools in China will develop steadily on the basis of 2013. The output of CNC machine tools is expected to increase slightly while the import demand remains high, but the demand is more for high-end products while mid-end products are being implemented in local markets After will also increase.
Imported mainly to high-end
From January to November 2013, the total output of China's metal cutting machine tools was 660,000 units, down 7.84% from the same period of last year, of which CNC machine tools accounted for 28% of the total, with a total output of 184,000 units, up 0.4% year-on-year %. In November, the production of CNC metal cutting machine tools was 18,215 units, down 3.21% from the same period of last year. It is expected that the whole of 2013 will be unchanged from 2012.
From January to November 2013, the output of CNC metal cutting machine tools in Zhejiang, Liaoning, Shandong and Jiangsu provinces were the highest, reaching 40,328, 39,215, 305,70 and 215,16 respectively. Except for Shandong achieving a 34% increase, Zhejiang, Liaoning and Jiangsu dropped 2.89%, 2.37% and 5.34% respectively; the sum of the output of the four provinces accounted for 71.46% of the total output of the country.
In the rapid economic recovery in 2011, China's imports of CNC machine tools have been at a high level, about 1850 per month, from the second half of 2011 gradually increase the unit price of imports; imports in 2012 began to decline, the average monthly fell to 1300 units below, The unit price of imports is larger and larger, with an average annual unit price of 293,000 USD / unit.
From November 2012 onwards, imports of CNC machine tools fell for 4 consecutive months, but the import price has been rising for five months in a row since October. In February, the unit price of imports reached a record high of USD470,000 per unit and the import volume reached the financial crisis Since the lowest value, indicating that high-end CNC machine tools imported more; after October, the volume of imports fell below 1,000 units again, the import unit price also slightly lower: It is estimated that in 2013 the year, CNC machine tools imports a month average of about 1000 units, the import price Slightly below 2012. ??
In March 2013, the import volume of CNC machine tools increased sharply while the unit price of imports plummeted. However, the unit price of imports went up slightly afterwards, but the unit price of imports was slightly lower compared with the previous year. In the midst of the active development of machine tool enterprises in our country, low-priced imported CNC machine tools are extremely unfavorable to the autonomous development of China's CNC machine tools.
According to a study by the German Machinery Manufacturers Association in August 2013, the mid-market will become the largest market for machinery and equipment in China in the next three to five years, accounting for 40.3% of the current 34.3% Achieving a growth rate of 6%. To this end, German machinery manufacturers should lay particular emphasis on the mid-range market and develop a local business model for the mid-market in China.
In order to promote the development of domestic mid-range CNC machine tools, in 2014, the state added some products to the new tariff: added NC milling complex machining center, CNC crankshaft grinder, CNC gear grinding machine and 3D printer tax item, among which CNC machining center, CNC crankshaft grinders and CNC gear grinding machines implement the MFN rate of 9.7% and the ordinary rate of 20%, and the MFN rate of 5% and the ordinary rate of 30% for 3D printers (3D printers).
Tax cuts to promote high-end CNC equipment imports
High-end CNC device determines the number of CNC machine tools, CNC bed is the "brain." However, due to the long-term import of CNC equipment, CNC machine tools in China basically use the "external brain." In 2012, imports decreased and exports surpassed imports for the first time. This shows that the level of domestic numerical control devices has been somewhat improved. However, there is still a gap compared with the more competitive Germany and Japan. High-end numerical control devices and systems have become China's CNC machine tools Short board.
At present, the domestic machine tool enterprises such as Shenyang Machine Tool have stepped up their R & D of numerical control systems and developed CNC systems with independent intellectual property rights in the autumn of 2011. However, in the fierce competition with foreign rivals, the promotion and adoption of "Feiyang" CNC system requires enterprises The tireless efforts.
In order to promote the development of CNC machine tools in China and solve the demand of high-grade CNC equipments, in 2014, the country reduced the import duty on PLCs and NC units for CNC machine tools (including imported CNC operation units) from 5% to 3% , Reduced the tax rate of complete CNC servo units (including CNC operating units with associated servo amplifiers and servomotors) from 7% to 3%.
In terms of import volume, the import volume of PLC in 2013 was the same as that of the previous year, but the import volume increased. This shows that the domestic demand gap is relatively large. From the import structure, the largest number of PLCs imported from Japan was in 2012, followed by Germany; 2013 On the contrary, the majority of German products, in view of the German product price more than doubled in Japan, indicating that China's demand for PLC began to high-end development.
In 2013, the average unit price of CNC unit increased, but the import volume was declining, which indicated that the demand for the products was dominated by the high end. The CNC unit was always imported from Japan while Germany was the second source of imports. Depression, indicating demand, the price is due to the devaluation of the yen to promote the competitiveness of Japanese products, Germany is still the second largest importer.
Although the use of "foreign brain" command domestic CNC machine tools, but the lack of coordination or lag and other issues restricting the autonomous development of China's machine tool, affecting the upgrading of equipment manufacturing industry. Due to the high investment in research and development of high-end numerical control devices, it takes a long time and requires the joint efforts of industry, academia and research institutes. In this context, it is actually quite frustrating to cut taxes to meet the demand.
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